Worldwide, anemia impacts 1.62 billion people, or 24.8% of the population. Preschool-age children have the highest percentage rate of anemia in their population coming in at 47.4%.However,non-pregnant women have the most prevalence overall with approximately 468.4 million women in the world that are suffering from anemia and lime this there are many people who are dealing with this disease, here we are going to discuss that what are the symptoms, causes and different types of Anemia.
Symptoms of Anemia:
These are the some major symptoms of Anemia
- Shortness of breath
- Fast and irregular heartbeat
- Pale skin
- Cold hands and feet
- Chest pain.
Causes of Anemia:
- Folate Deficiency
- Poor Diet
- Chronic Diseases
- Intestinal Disorde
- Liver Disease
- Thyroid Diseases
- Enzyme Deficiencies.
- Excessive bleeding
- kidney diseases.
- Leaky gut.
- Low stomach diseases.
- Iron deficiency
- B12 deficiency
Types of Anemia:
Microcytic (Iron Deficiency) Anemia:
This is the most common type of anemia worldwide. It is characterized by small, often pale, red blood cells in a peripheral blood smear. This type of anemia is mostly caused by an iron deficit, this deficit occurs either because the body is not getting enough iron or it is not absorbing it properly.
Iron is a important for hemoglobin production and without it, the body cannot produce enough hemoglobin to make healthy red blood cells. So having iron in your diet is important for good health.
Megaloblastic (Vitamin Deficiency) Anemia:
In addition to iron, your body needs folate and vitamin B-12 to produce enough healthy red blood cells. Unhealthy diet and other key nutrients can cause decreased red blood cell production. Additionally, some people may consume enough B-12, but their bodies aren’t able to process the vitamin. This can cause vitamin deficiency anemia, also known as pernicious anemia.
Anemia of Chronic Disease:
Certain diseases such as cancer, HIV/AIDS, rheumatoid arthritis, kidney disease, Crohn’s disease and other chronic inflammatory diseases can interfere with the production of red blood cells and can lead to Anemia.
This rare and dangerous, life-threatening anemia occurs when your body does not produce enough red blood cells. Causes of aplastic anemia include infections, certain medicines, autoimmune diseases, and exposure to toxic chemicals.
Anemias Associated With Bone Marrow Disease:
Dangerous diseases like leukemia and myelofibrosis, can cause anemia by affecting blood production in your bone marrow. The effects of these types of cancer and cancer-like disorders vary from mild to life-threatening.
This group of anemias develop when red blood cells are destroyed faster than bone marrow can replace them. Certain blood diseases increase red blood cell destruction. It can lead to because of your inheritance, or you can develop it later in life. This is typically the result of an autoimmune issue where a person’s immune system attacks their own red blood cell producing tissues.
Sickle Cell Anemia:
This inherited and sometimes serious condition is an inherited hemolytic anemia. It’s caused by a defective form of hemoglobin that forces red blood cells to assume an abnormal sickle shape. These irregular blood cells die prematurely, resulting in a chronic shortage of red blood cells.
There are several other forms of anemia, such as thalassemia and malarial anemia etc.